Sukhothai

SUKHOTHAI  HISTORICAL PARK

 

Sukhothai was the capital of the first kingdom of Siam established some 800 years ago between 1238 and 1257. It was reportedly ruled by many kings for 120 years as the capital of Siam founded by King Ramkhamhaeng.

Sukhothai Historical Park is an area with numerous sites of historical interest which has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Thailand.

The remains of the kingdom, known as meuang gòw (old city), feature around 45 sq kilometers of partially rebuilt ruins, making up one of the most visited ancient sites in Thailand.

 

Wat Mahathat or Mahathat Temple is considered the most important and impressive temple in Sukhothai Historical Park

and is one of the oldest temples. Shown is the standing Buddha.

 

 

 

Wat Mahathat

 

Wat Si Chum

Wat Si Chum

 

Wat Si Chum.     View looking up from the inside of the platform 

The Buddha image at Wat Si Chum is 11 meter wide and 15 meter high. There is a staircase in the south wall of the platform that surrounds the seated Buddha can be used to reach  the roof . 

 

 

 

Wat Si Sawai

The fifteenth century Khmer temple Wat Sri Sawai was believed to have been originally built as a Hindu shrine. It is a three-tower style structure, with the middle Tower or Prang as it is called, being twenty meters in height. Stone carvings of the Hindu god Vishnu as well as other Hindu divinities have been found at the site.

 

 

The Sanskrit word Makara basically  means sea dragon and makara is the Hindu word for crocodile. These carvings at War Sri Sawai had been sculptured in Stucco, a fine plaster made from sand, gravel, and crushed stone.

 

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